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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
What Are The Policy Implications?The objective of Singapore, London and Stockholm in introducing congestion charging was to restrain traffic and its adverse impacts. While the approach was quite different in each of these cities, the results have shown that these methods have to a large extent been able to satisfy the policy objectives of reducing congestion. This demonstrates that a package involving pricing can be effective.
It is clear that a large amount of monitoring data has to be collected to measure the ability of a policy package including pricing to achieve its objectives. Therefore resources should be allocated for establishing baseline conditions, for collection of traffic data as well as for analysis as well as for continuous monitoring of performance. Understanding changes in traffic impacts can also provide clues as to how travel behaviour has adapted due to the influence by RUC measures which forms a crucial part of the Evaluation and Monitoring process discussed in Chapter 14.
The experience of both Stockholm and Singapore suggests that variation in tolls across the day is a useful instrument for achieving large variations in traffic but other complementary measures might be also used to further encourage peak spreading.
It is also potentially possible to follow the example of Singapore and aim for a target speed level and employ technology to trigger changes in the toll rates to ensure the satisfaction of a certain “level of service” or optimum speed range for roads within the charging area.
No information on this theme is currently available from the case studies
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