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Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

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Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

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The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Context description

Bologna, the capital town of the Emilia Romagna region, is a very important traffic hub. The city may be classified as medium sized – as there are about 380.000 residents - however, considering the surrounding small municipalities, it is more appropriate to see Bologna as a metropolitan area with about 650.000 (inhabitants + users).

The following table gives some data about the city of Bologna:

 

 

 

The modal split in the city of Bologna is characterised by a slightly equal percentage of PT and cars (26% and 35% respectively) while motorised two-wheelers share is 11%. As shown in the following figures, the car ownership (54 cars/100 inhabitants, one of the lowest of Italian cities) is decreasing, while two-wheelers (13 motorbikes/100 inhabitants) is raising rapidly; finally, also PT usage is increasing.

 

 

 

 

LTZ (Limited Traffic Zone)

To keep integral and to protect the attractiveness of the historical city centre, and also to improve urban air quality, in 1989 the municipality introduced a Limited Traffic Zone, which covers an area of 3.2 km2 and basically matches the historical centre.

The aim of the progressive introduction of traffic restrictions is to reconcile mobility demand with the low capacity of the mediaeval city centre (for traffic circulation and parking) which, in the past, has often led to such heavy congestion that it distorts both architectural and environmental values and thus produces a very negative impact on the quality of life of the whole historic centre.

The LTZ access is based on authorising system and since 2005 the Municipality has activated an IT-based pricing system called “SIRIO”. So 10 cameras were installed at the main LTZ access points. Between 7.00 a.m. and 8 p.m. every day except Saturday, the system automatically issues fines to car drivers not authorised to enter the LTZ. In parallel another IT system called “RITA” (14 cameras) has been put into action for controlling bus lanes 24 hours a day to avoid unauthorised cars driving in PT dedicated lanes and within the historic centre when forbidden. All the streets which give access to the city centre and the bus lanes are currently equipped with cameras in order to check if the vehicles accessing in the city centre are authorised. The cameras are able to read all car plates, check them with those contained in the database of authorised vehicles and, in case of violation, send the transgressor’s data to the Municipal Police Dept which will issue a fine. Inside the LTZ there is another area called “T”, very important for public transport; in this area the restriction are higher than in LTZ and also here the access is controlled by IT system. People not allowed to access the LTZ can buy a daily ticket for 5€ or a 4-days for 12€ (in this second case the days of use should be consecutive). In addition to access restriction for non authorized vehicles, the deployment of these IT systems has the following 2 key goals:

  • the improvement of Urban Public transport (UPT);

  • the introduction of pricing policies to reduce existing access permissions as foreseen by the new Freight City delivery Plan.

 

Read more about Context Description on these case studies: Rome | Bologna | Stockholm | Oslo | Bristol | Durham | The Hague | Edinburgh | Milan | London | Bergen | Cambridge | Dutch National Case | Manchester | Nord-Jaeren | Trondheim | (List All)