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Cambridge is situated approximately 50 miles (80 kilometres) north-east of London. It is arguably best known for its university but the high-technology centre known locally as “Silicon Fen” is also a key centre of employment.
Cambridge’s population in 2001 was 108,863 (that included 22,153 students), and the population of the urban area which includes parts of South Cambridgeshire district is estimated to be approximately 130,0001].
Cambridgeshire County Council, in their Local Transport Plan (LTP) 2006-11, set out a series of objectives, transport targets and programmes for addressing the challenges the county faces. The plan identifies 2 key tools, “widening choice” and “managing demand” to achieve their aims.
The LTP sets out a package of measures that include improvements to bus services, demand management measures that include road pricing and funding mechanisms to realise their aims such as the Transport Innovation Fund (TIF)2].
To date, TIF funding has given Cambridgeshire County Council the opportunity to explore and develop an innovative proposal for a £500 million (€600 million) transport investment package of measures that would complement a road pricing scheme.61,800 new homes will be built in the Cambridge sub-region in the 20-year period between 2001 and 2021. This is part of a national government requirement for new homes across the UK. This is locally supported through development plans. This will inevitably add pressure to the road network and necessitate demand management measures to alleviate congestion.
1] Office for National Statistics (2001) “United Kingdom Census - Key Statistics for urban areas in England and Wales”.
2] TIF is a Central Government – Department for Transport – pump priming funding mechanism.
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