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Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

Bristol

Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

Stockholm

The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Context Description

Durham city has a unique character and contains many fine buildings. The quality of the landscape surrounding the city centre afford it a unique setting amongst the historic cities of England and it is now a major tourist attraction.

Durham contains a number of major national and regional employers. It has remained a centre of economic activity in an area that has experienced decline of its traditional mining industries.

Major road building project in Durham in the late 1970’s have been followed by a continuation of land use patterns. As Durham has continued in largely the same fashion, the problems of its existing city centre structure have compounded year on year for access and parking requirements of the many different users of the transport system.

Durham is a historic city facing the issue of rising traffic levels into the historic centre, much of the activity being generated by tourist traffic. In order to manage the level of traffic entering the centre of Durham, local decision makers decided to introduce charging for those vehicles wishing to access the historic core, in essence the Market Place, cathedral and castle.

The scheme is designed to resolve the conflict between vehicles and pedestrians when accessing the historic centre.

Following the UK Government’s legal provision for Local Authorities to introduce congestion charging, Durham County Council was the first authority in the country to implement a charging scheme in 2002. Durham has also looked at expanding the current scheme via the Transport Innovation Fund (TIF) scheme. Two of the most likely charging options considered were:

  • The implementation of a point charge on the through road with traffic potentially being diverted onto improved infrastructure;
  • Introduction of an increased cordon charge with a reliance on improved Park and Ride and public transport.

The current traffic situation in Durham is as follows:

  • Lack of road space. The historic nature of the city and the river valley topography mean that road widening is not an option
  • The provision of bus and cycle lanes – has been limited due to the lack of road space to make this feasible
  • All the main radial routes are congested in the morning and evening peak periods
  • Total gridlock is only avoided in the very central area because the traffic is held back and stored on the approach routes.
Read more about Context Description on these case studies: Rome | Bologna | Stockholm | Oslo | Bristol | Durham | The Hague | Edinburgh | Milan | London | Bergen | Cambridge | Dutch National Case | Manchester | Nord-Jaeren | Trondheim | (List All)