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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
Durham city has a unique character and contains many fine buildings. The quality of the landscape surrounding the city centre afford it a unique setting amongst the historic cities of England and it is now a major tourist attraction.
Durham contains a number of major national and regional employers. It has remained a centre of economic activity in an area that has experienced decline of its traditional mining industries.
Major road building project in Durham in the late 1970’s have been followed by a continuation of land use patterns. As Durham has continued in largely the same fashion, the problems of its existing city centre structure have compounded year on year for access and parking requirements of the many different users of the transport system.
Durham is a historic city facing the issue of rising traffic levels into the historic centre, much of the activity being generated by tourist traffic. In order to manage the level of traffic entering the centre of Durham, local decision makers decided to introduce charging for those vehicles wishing to access the historic core, in essence the Market Place, cathedral and castle.
The scheme is designed to resolve the conflict between vehicles and pedestrians when accessing the historic centre.
Following the UK Government’s legal provision for Local Authorities to introduce congestion charging, Durham County Council was the first authority in the country to implement a charging scheme in 2002. Durham has also looked at expanding the current scheme via the Transport Innovation Fund (TIF) scheme. Two of the most likely charging options considered were:
The current traffic situation in Durham is as follows:
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