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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
Milan, the capital of Lombardy, has a population of 1.3 million people. It is the biggest industrial city of Italy with many different industrial sectors. It is a magnetic point for designers, artists, photographers and models. Milan has an ancient city centre with high and interesting buildings and palazzos, which is why so many people from all over the world want to see the city of glamour.
Milan has the third-highest concentration of particle matter (PM10) among large European cities, both in terms of average annual level and days of breaching a European Union limit of 50 micrograms per cubic meter, according to a 2007 study of 26 European cities by the environmental group Legambiente and the research institute Ambiente Italia, and sponsored by Dexia SA. Particle matter pollution mainly originates from traffic, heating, and industry.
In Lombardy each day 5.7 millions of people are going to move towards urban areas, 95% inside the region itself. 75% of daily transits are made by private vehicles, 14% by public transport system. About 54% of daily transits are for work, and among these roughly 48% are directed to Milan urban area.
Finally, we have to consider geomorphology and climate of the valley (Pianura Padana) of Lombardy, with the Milan urban area placed in the centre of it. Northern Alps range is a sort of barrier that makes difficult to clear the air from pollutant emissions.
So one of the key issues leaded by the actual major of Milan, Mrs. Letizia Moratti, during last campaign for local elections, was focused on the goal to start up for the very fist time an experimentation of road pricing in Milan, aiming to reduce pollution and congestion in the urban area.That’s why in a bid to reduce pollution, the City of Milan has introduced a Toll charge similar to London’s Congestion charge, known as Eco Pass for all polluting vehicles entering the main city centre of the Cerchia dei Bastoni area. Ecopass came into effect on 2 January 2008. It is an innovative way of improving mobility and safeguarding both public health and the environment. Ecopass will help to heighten awareness of the effects of peoples’ behaviour on the environment and to build a more eco-friendly city.
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