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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
During the 70's and early 80's, Trondheim experienced significant increases in traffic, accompanied by congestion and environmental problems. In particular, adverse effects resulting from through traffic in the city centre attracted much attention. The proper solution was envisaged to be a network of main roads that would move traffic away from the city centre and dwelling areas. The policy initiative concerning the toll ring originated in 1985, during the last stage of preparing a new transportation plan for Trondheim. The first milestone was a unanimous declaration in the City Council, asking for a feasibility study of a local financial contribution to road construction, provided the State would allocate additional funds.
The initiation phase was inspired by a recent agreement between the central authorities and the city of Bergen on a toll ring that released such an additional financial grant. Thus, the main actors in Trondheim assumed that user fees would give an impetus to road construction that could avert congestion and environmental problems. With ordinary State funds only, completion of the new road network would probably take 35-50 years. With the extraordinary financing plan, construction could be accomplished in 10-15 years. The road investment plans were clearly linked to other policy goals: By-pass roads alleviating the environmental degradation of the city centre were considered a prerequisite for urban renewal. Increased mobility was regarded as an asset that could help attract the flourishing oil industry to the region.
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