www.curacaoproject.eu                      CURACAO - coordination of urban road-user charging organisational issues                   Funded by the EU

Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

Bristol

Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

Stockholm

The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Conclusions

The congestion tax trial in Stockholm has contributed to extensive experience of planning, design, procurement, legal and tax financial framework, implementation process, enforcement, impact assessment, acceptability etc in the field of urban road pricing.

The trial in 2006 was subject to an extensive evaluation in a multitude of dimensions. Major conclusions were:

  • Overall goals were essentially met
  • Traffic decreased by 22 % at the cordon during charging hours, and less inside the cordon. These effects were immediate and stable. Motor traffic decreased more than expected
  • Re-distribution of traffic with respect to time-of-day was less than expected
  • Delays (excess travel time during the peak) were reduced by 33 % on arterials leading to the city.
  • Traffic reductions lead to less environmental impact and better health. Vehicle emissions in the inner city were reduced by 8-14 %.
  • Public transport was an important part of the Stockholm Trial. Public transport ridership increased by 6 %.
  • Road safety was improved because of the reduced traffic
  • It was difficult to determine if inhabitants experienced improved city environment
  • Acceptability changed from a negative majority before the introduction to positive. For many citizens, the positive effects were observable by personal experience, which contributed to the change in public opinion.
  • The technical system works
  • The distributional effects (benefits and costs) vary among groups. Effects for disadvantaged groups were generally smaller than effects for middle and high income groups
  • There was a marginal affect on regional trade and commerce
  • Congestion charges are (macro)economically profitable.
  • The yearly revenue is calculated to be approximately €80 million.

The trial and the first year of permanent congestion tax in Stockholm show that charging schemes can lead to large impact compared to other types of measures, for example traditional infrastructure investments. Another lesson from the trial is that better and/or increased public transport cannot alone reduce road traffic.

Implementation of a charging scheme is unique due to local, regional and national prerequisites. However, the experience and databases from the Stockholm Trial contribute to profound knowledge in the field of urban road pricing, both as a platform for research as well as for new charging schemes around the world.

Furthermore, with a permanent introduction of congestion tax in Stockholm, we also see the need to increase our knowledge on how to operate and develop an urban road pricing scheme in a dynamic reality.

Read more about Conclusions on these case studies: London | Stockholm | Rome | Oslo | Bristol | The Hague | Durham | Edinburgh | Bologna | Milan | Bergen | Cambridge | Dutch National Case | Manchester | Nord-Jaeren | Trondheim | (List All)