www.curacaoproject.eu                      CURACAO - coordination of urban road-user charging organisational issues                   Funded by the EU

Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

Bristol

Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

Stockholm

The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Network & Environment

During the period between January and December 2008 the number of vehicles entering the zone have been 1,382,946, of which 12% were commercial vehicles, 78.7% were occasional users (less than 10 accessing days out of 233 days) and 2.1% were systematic users (more than 50% of the 233 days).


The decrease in vehicles accessing the Ecopass Area was - 56.7% of Euro 0, Euro 1 and Euro 2 vehicles, while the number of Euro 3, Euro 4 and electric/hybrid vehicles increased by 5.5% on average. The traffic reduction, both private and commercial, within Ecopass area during the enforcement was 14.4% and 3.4% outside the zone.

By evaluating the available data and the results from modelling the vehicles reduction can be imputed to:

  • A 35% of change in route by charged vehicles for circulating without entering the Ecopass area;
  • A 17% of car fleet renewal with less polluting vehicles;
  • A 48% of modal shift with an increase of 5.7% of public transport patronage.



Effects on commercial speed of Public Transport

Another important result deals with the effects on the commercial speed of public transport. In fact the analysis on all the lines passing through the Ecopass Area between 7.30 a.m. and 7.30 p.m. of working days has shown that, in respect to a mean reference value metered before Ecopass implementation, the speed of public transport has increased by 6.7%.



Effects on modal shift

A first estimation of modal shift towards the metro lines has been carried out by ATM (Azienda Trasporti Milanesi) and shows that the number of outbound passengers at metro stations located inside the Ecopass Area has increased by 5.7%.



The table below shows the increase of passengers using the metro for travelling towards and within Ecopass area.



After one year since the Ecopass scheme has become effective the evaluation of traffic emissions before and after the implementation reveals that within Ecopass area there has been a reduction of total PM10 emissions from road traffic equal to 14%, 11% of NOx, 9% of CO2 and 37% of NH3 (ammonia).