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Network & EnvironmentDuring the period between January and December 2008 the number of vehicles entering the zone have been 1,382,946, of which 12% were commercial vehicles, 78.7% were occasional users (less than 10 accessing days out of 233 days) and 2.1% were systematic users (more than 50% of the 233 days).
The decrease in vehicles accessing the Ecopass Area was - 56.7% of Euro 0, Euro 1 and Euro 2 vehicles, while the number of Euro 3, Euro 4 and electric/hybrid vehicles increased by 5.5% on average. The traffic reduction, both private and commercial, within Ecopass area during the enforcement was 14.4% and 3.4% outside the zone.
By evaluating the available data and the results from modelling the vehicles reduction can be imputed to:
Effects on commercial speed of Public TransportAnother important result deals with the effects on the commercial speed of public transport. In fact the analysis on all the lines passing through the Ecopass Area between 7.30 a.m. and 7.30 p.m. of working days has shown that, in respect to a mean reference value metered before Ecopass implementation, the speed of public transport has increased by 6.7%.
Effects on modal shiftA first estimation of modal shift towards the metro lines has been carried out by ATM (Azienda Trasporti Milanesi) and shows that the number of outbound passengers at metro stations located inside the Ecopass Area has increased by 5.7%.
The table below shows the increase of passengers using the metro for travelling towards and within Ecopass area.
After one year since the Ecopass scheme has become effective the evaluation of traffic emissions before and after the implementation reveals that within Ecopass area there has been a reduction of total PM10 emissions from road traffic equal to 14%, 11% of NOx, 9% of CO2 and 37% of NH3 (ammonia).
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