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BarriersThe main barrier in the process of the Bergen programme seems to be the public attitude and the reluctance by the Public Roads Administration to accept the city tram as a solution to the traffic problems in Bergen. The public roads administration has argued that the revenue could be more usefully spent on other PT solutions.
Bekken and Osland (2004) investigated the political and administrative processes leading up to the Bergen programme. The study showed that negotiations between stakeholders and a broad political compromise have been important. Three important elements in that respect were earmarking some of the revenue for “high-profile” investments (the city tram), low fare levels with large discounts for heavy users, and no time variation in the toll levels.The main driver behind both the initial Bergen toll ring and the current Bergen Programme has been the lack of public funds to finance infrastructure, both road and public transport. This has been facilitated by the long tradition of using tolls as an alternative source of revenue.
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