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Rome decided to implement new clean zones with a complex series of actions, according to the guideline provided by the Urban General Traffic Plan (PGTU). Besides, there are in Rome serious reasons to apply “clean zones”: congestion and environment as well as a strong need to preserve the historical and archaeological city.
Even though the Urban Traffic Plan included such measures, the implementation of electronic access control schemes in Rome had a complicated initial set-up.
The full-scale deployment of the automatic access control systems in Rome was a demanding process which had to overcome a number of issues, ranging from technical ones, to the management issues of such a system, and finally to a variety of bureaucratic and institutional issues.
Rome issued the first request in Italy to implement an Access Control System (ACS) and a Recognition Plate (RP) scheme and the government Bodies examined it carefully, establishing the parameters for its operation. Due to the complexity of the procedures related to the use of such automatic equipment being made operational on large scale for the first time in Italy, the Decrees dictated a pre-implementation period, to be jointly operated with the Urban Police at each gate to endorse the violations.
The London implementation gave support to Rome, which was previously alone within the largest European cities to apply an electronic enforcement system. Support comes also from new restrictive air quality Directives recently approved and obliging further restriction of private cars to comply with them.
An added value of access control schemes is the comprehensive requalification of urban areas obtained with the implementation of the e-gate system. They created the opportunity to limit the space for private cars, giving back areas to pedestrians. Besides, the integration of ACS, RP and clean zones in “Sustainable Mobility” policies can support the matching of the new limits on air quality.
Surveys and continuous contacts with all the stake-holders and definition of the needs of all the social categories are necessary and it is important to integrate this kind of measure in Sustainable Mobility policy with PT integration and introduction of pedestrian areas.
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