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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
In this chapter we discuss the relation between urban road user charging and the environment.
However, “environment” is a multi-faceted concept which may refer to a wide range of aspects. In this chapter we focus on four types of central environmental qualities that all may be directly affected by the changes in traffic patterns that will follow from the introduction of road user charges :
Thereby, we do for example exclude the traffic safety aspect, although some regard that to be an important component of the complex of environmental problems.
In addition to the above mentioned more or less direct effects, we briefly include also two types of more long term, indirect and general effects that an urban road user charging program may have on environment through
The analysis is based on a standard survey of available literature, but with particular emphasis on publication in scientific journals, and experiences gained in the Stockholm trial.
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