www.curacaoproject.eu                      CURACAO - coordination of urban road-user charging organisational issues                   Funded by the EU

Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

Bristol

Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

Stockholm

The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Introduction

In this chapter we discuss the relation between urban road user charging and the environment.

However, “environment” is a multi-faceted concept which may refer to a wide range of aspects. In this chapter we focus on four types of central environmental qualities that all may be directly affected by the changes in traffic patterns that will follow from the introduction of road user charges :

  • Climate change – CO2 emissions
  • Local air quality (NOX and Particulate Matter) and its consequences for human health
  • Noise
  • Urban quality – townscape and liveability

Thereby, we do for example exclude the traffic safety aspect, although some regard that to be an important component of the complex of environmental problems.

In addition to the above mentioned more or less direct effects, we briefly include also two types of more long term, indirect and general effects that an urban road user charging program may have on environment through

  • Car fleet composition
  • Demand for new infrastructure

The analysis is based on a standard survey of available literature, but with particular emphasis on publication in scientific journals, and experiences gained in the Stockholm trial.