www.curacaoproject.eu                      CURACAO - coordination of urban road-user charging organisational issues                   Funded by the EU

Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

Bristol

Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

Stockholm

The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Introduction

Scheme design is a complicated and time consuming process involving planners, various technical experts, stakeholders and the local political decision making system. Main factors defining an URUC scheme include type of charging basis like area licence or cordon, the geographical area, level of charge and possible variations by vehicle type, time of day and direction of travel. Rules and regulations like payment options and exemptions are integral parts of the scheme design process. So, strictly, is the development of the set of complementary and reinforcing measures (the package); this is covered in Section 2.5. Technology, discussed Chapter 4, is strongly linked to elements of scheme design. This chapter will first discuss general requirements and design criteria, and finally key features and examples of scheme designs. It can be argued that decision makers do not always realise the critical nature of the relationship between scheme design and performance for road pricing. Typically, scheme design was only ranked sixth out of nine in importance in the CURACAO User Needs Assessment Questionnaire (UNAQ) survey. Addressing this is therefore a priority, and it is hoped that this chapter will give valuable reflections on features of scheme design that help ensure effectiveness and aid acceptance from practical and political perspectives.