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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
Due to the small size of the LTZ and its narrow streets that are unable to support a strong mobility demand, the access control scheme in Bologna is mainly based on an authorisation process (for PT, residents, freight operators, etc.) and not on a general road pricing model.
However, in order to give some flexibility to the road users, the road pricing scheme was inserted in the context of the City Freight delivery Plan (approved on the 6th March 2006) that has been the key instrument through which the City of Bologna has rationalised the freight delivery in the city area. It is strictly connected with the existing and future IT systems. The overall goal is to decrease the number of vehicle km while providing the same level of service and to deploy less polluting “clean” vehicles. Thus, beyond the deployment of “clean” vehicles, the rationalisation of the freight deliveries will allow to maximise the load of each lorry or truck directed to the city centre. Through such rationalisation, a higher number of goods will be delivered with the same pollution impact as before, or a lower pollution will be generated to satisfy the current freight demand.
The Freight Delivery Plan has 4 main objectives:
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