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Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
The objective of Oslo package 1 is to finance investments in infrastructure. This includes both road infrastructure and, to an increasing extent, PT infrastructure investments. Future use as a means for traffic restraint is also an open possibility, but congestion relief was not an objective per se.
Oslo package 2 is a plan for new and upgraded infrastructure and rolling stock for public transport in Oslo and Akershus. It is financed by an increase in tolls and a fare increase in public transport. Thus, the objectives are still the same – to raise revenue to be used for infrastructure investments.
The objective to raise revenue for investments is reflected in several ways. First of all the toll plazas were located with this as a purpose. As a result they are placed on the main roads into Oslo and located so that they form a “water tight” ring, catching most traffic with the least adverse effects and operational costs. With this location, only a few local roads had to be closed with as few toll plazas as possible. Furthermore, the toll is only collected on the inbound traffic. This significantly reduces the operating costs.
The pricing objective is also reflected in the fee structure. There is no differentiation between peak and off-peak. Furthermore, the fee is also collected at weekends and nights. To make the toll ring more acceptable, heavy users may purchase monthly or yearly passes limiting the total fee they must pay. The pricing system is far from what would have been if congestion charging was the objective.
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