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The scheme actions have been foreseen for both freight operators by implementing access rules depending on pollution categories and pricing policies for permanent permits, and all citizens with a pay to access ticketing system.
The Freight Delivery Plan promotes a step-by-step approach.
The first step concluded with the introduction of faster procedures in the release of access permissions, new pricing policies and the enforcement of new policies related to city centre access (i.e. during late 2008 and first months of 2009, specific time slots will be identified to access both the T and LTZ area) in order to increase efficiency in freight transport and decrease the unauthorised use of permits granted for freight transport.
The new tariffs plan for annual delivery permits, according to pollution level norms, as follows:
a) “single car plate” permits (only 1 vehicle associated to the permit)
b) “ multi car plates ” permits (2 or 3 vehicles associated to the permit)
c) “no car plate” permits (more than 3 vehicles associated to the permit), vehicles are considered by default “non eco” and the permits costs 300 €/year.
Only 1 vehicle at a time can access the LTZ and the enforcement is performed by the IT camera system.
The second step was the launch of the “pay-to-access” LTZ area service.
Tickets were introduced to allow people not permanently entitled to enter the LTZ area to access it occasionally. In this sense, they represent a flexible way to grant everybody (even if with several restrictions) to access the city centre.
To avoid an increase in overall accesses to the LTZ area, such tickets are sold in small numbers. There are two type of tickets:
Each month, only 3 daily tickets (or just one 4-days ticket) can be validated for the same vehicle. These tickets can be bought by operators and citizens.For validation of the ticket the holder sends a secret code and car plate number via sms, web or call centre: if the process is valid, the vehicle is authorised to cross the IT camera control.
The third step (in progress) will be centred on the set up of a “Technological transit point” (i.e. lorry sharing) which will be initially tested in a specific area of the LTZ zone. Besides the physical transit point, a new IT platform will be developed and deployed to analyse freight transport flows and rationalise routes, loading procedures of the involved vehicles and management (i.e. booking) of specific parking slots for loading and unloading.
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