Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base
Scheme DesignRome has implemented a complex Access Control System. The first scheme, supported by electronic gates, was implemented in 2001, in order to safeguard the central area of the city (“ZTL centro” in figure below ). After two years since the implementation of the central LTZ scheme, once the automatic system had been tested and fine tuned, other “sensitive areas” and “sensitive time bands” have been identified and a decision to limit car traffic has been issued and implemented according to a daily and night scheme. The charging scheme was modified in January 2007, according to the following data:
The charging scheme was modified in January 2007, according to the following data:
In the following picture all LTZs are represented on the Rome map as well as the other two internal PGTU zones: the Rail Ring and the Green Belt.
The latest achievements:
After a long and demanding discussion between the Administration and the National Body supervising cultural heritage (Sovrintendenza ai Beni Culturali), a suitable solution has finally been found to implement the 23rd electronic gate that completes the central cordon in Rome.
As shown in the figure below, a modern electronic access gate has been situated in the core of the historical centre of Rome, Via dei Fori Imperiali, replacing the previous system of supervision by the police.
Further to this a new LTZ night scheme has been implemented in “Rione Monti” .
All the latest developments of pricing in Rome have been implemented, and in particular:
In San Lorenzo and in Villa Borghese the electronic poles have been installed;
The LTZ information system has been optimized, so that now all the electronic access poles are equipped with information panels, informing citizens on the status of the LTZ (active or not active)
The experimentation of the Testaccio LTZ (night) has been successfully carried out during summer 2007 and has become effective.
The scheme implemented in Rome in first instance is geographically located in the central area of the city and in the neighbouring areas.
The scheme foresees that in principle people or residents working inside the LTZ areas can have access by car, upon specific request, registration and payment of a permit, through ATAC offices.
There are a number of exemptions: LPT (Local Public Transport), taxis and disabled people have free access; institutions, freight carriers, public utility vehicles, etc that are included in the “authorised” category have the right to a permit if they pay specific tariffs.
A “White List” of authorised users is defined and updated every day (in order to take into account any temporary permit for weddings, movies and a range of specified special cases), so that non-authorised vehicles that access the LTZ during the enforcement times are detected by the ANPR system and automatically receive a fine of 68 €.
The historical city centre LTZ subsystem, operating from October 2001, includes the use of 23 gates implemented on access roads to the city centre that optically detect the plate of vehicles by APNR (Automatic Plate Number Recognition) techniques.
All the electronic gates installed within the city centre use short-range radio technologies (DSRC) for communication. In this case vehicles are identified through an information exchange via radio between the gate (RSU – Road Side Unit) and a device called OBU (On Board Unit) which is on the vehicle. This OBU was given to residents and disabled people, but was not utilized during the implementation of new LTZ areas (Trastevere and San Lorenzo) because of the new camera technologies together with the need to reduce system complexities for citizens. For that reason the OBUs are now reaching the point of exhaustion.