www.curacaoproject.eu                      CURACAO - coordination of urban road-user charging organisational issues                   Funded by the EU

Road Pricing Context

OBJECTIVES

SCHEME DESIGN

TECHNOLOGY

BUSINESS SYSTEMS

Prediction

PREDICTION

TRAFFIC EFFECTS

ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMY

EQUITY

Appraisal

APPRAISAL

Decision Making

ACCEPTABILITY

TRANSFERABILITY

Implementation and Evaluation

EVALUATION

IMPLEMENTATION

Case Studies

Bergen

Bologna

Bristol

Cambridge

Durham

Dutch National Case

Edinburgh

London

Manchester

Milan

Nord-Jaeren

Oslo

Rome

Stockholm

The Hague

Trondheim



Urban Road User Charging Online Knowledge Base

Scheme Design

The charging scheme is formally a congestion tax for the Stockholm inner city zone. Tax is levied when entering or leaving the zone.

 

Vehicles that only by-pass Stockholm via road E4 Essingelink are not subject to the congestion tax. When driving to or from Lidingö island, anyone who cross by any of the three control points at the Lidingö bridge as well as an additional control point in the city within 30 minutes is also exempted from the congestion tax. The reason for this is that the only connection from Lidingö municipality to the national road network runs through the city.

 

 

 

 

Eighteen control points are set up at Stockholm city entrance and exit roads. Vehicles are registered automatically both on the way in and out of the inner city zone. The traffic flow is not affected as drivers do not have to stop or slow down when crossing a control point. There are two ways to identify vehicles

 

  • through photographing the number plates (primary source during the permanent scheme)
  • during the trial also via an onboard unit (during the permanent scheme onboard units are only used for the Lidingö-exemption rule)
The congestion tax is levied between 6.30 a.m. and 6.29 p.m. The tax per passage is SEK 10, 15 or 20 (€1-2) depending on the time of day. The maximum amount per vehicle and day is SEK 60 (€6). Payment can only be made retroactively, and there is no opportunity to pay at the control points.

 

During the trial, payment was to be registered in the SRA congestion tax account no later than five days after the passage of a control point. From 1 June 2006, this was extended to 14 days. The tax could be paid in several different ways, and additional options were made available as time went along. Most people paid automatically via direct debit by using a transponder, but it was also possible to pay over the counter at Pressbyrå kiosks or 7-Eleven shops throughout the country, via the Internet using a credit or charge card, at banks or via Internet banking. No invoice was sent out and information about the amount to be paid could be obtained through Customer Services, via the full-scale trial website or when paying at a Pressbyrå kiosk or 7-Eleven. Payment was/is not possible at the control points.

 

During the permanent scheme monthly payments by invoice have been introduced, which is a good customer-oriented improvement as well as necessary to reduce transaction costs. Possibilities to pay manually at kiosks have been removed.

 

During the trial, if the congestion tax is not paid in time, the vehicle owner receives a reminder by mail, including a SEK 70 (€7) service charge. This service charge along with the tax was to be paid within four weeks from the day of passage. If this was not paid in time the vehicle owner was sent an additional reminder with a SEK 200 (€20) surcharge. The tax, service charge and surcharges had to be paid within a month from the date on which the surcharges have been decided. Unpaid tax decisions and charges were then remitted to the Enforcement Service, which added another SEK 500 (€50) handling fee for debt collection. Now during the permanent scheme, the passages are registered in month 1, a tax decision invoiced by the end of month 2 and payment is due at the end of month 3. If payment is not made in time, a surcharge of SEK 500 (€50) is added.

 

 

The congestion tax law applies only to vehicles registered in Sweden with the following exceptions:

 

  • emergency service vehicles
  • buses with a total weight of 14 tonnes or more
  • diplomatic cars
  • motorcycles
  • vehicles registered abroad
  • military vehicles
  • vehicle used by a person with a disability parking permit (have to apply to the National Tax Board him/herself). This exemption does not apply to commercial transport vehicles.
  • vehicle equipped with technology for running a) completely or partially on electricity or gas other than LPG, or b) on a fuel blend consisting primarily of alcohol, and registered as such at the SRA.

    The charging scheme is principally the same during the permanent congestion tax as during the trial. However, some of the major changes are;

     

  • Monthly payments by invoice
  • The month of July is free of charge
  • Deductible tax
  • Simplifications regarding automatic debits
  • No exemptions for taxi and transportation service vehicles
  • Exemptions for environmental cars are limited to five years.